Bergson’s understanding of man in context of Gehlen’s philosophical anthropology
Keywords:philosophy, philosophical anthropology, Max Scheler, Arnold Gehlen, Henri Bergson, anthropological terms, embryonal features of adult, building of civilization, creating of culture
Bergson’s understanding of man in context of Gehlen’s philosophical anthropology. – Even in the earliest times the philosophy was also anthropology. This text compares anthropology of Bergson with philosophical anthropology of its founders Max Scheler and Arnold Gehlen. Bergson’s terms of the superficial self and the deeper self, intuition and intellect, time and space and their divisibility, mystical person, are mentioned. Scheler writes about spirit that is in contrast to life (which is denatured). Gehlen’s human, which has no or only weaken animal instincts, is considered. This text also considers the embryonal features of an adult human, the long maturation of human, and how human builds civilization and creates culture to make the difficult life easier. Various similarities among thinking of Gehlen and Bergson are mentioned in the text.